The lecture method is not considered one of the most effective methods of teaching as the students are often mere passive listeners. However, some topics do require the use of lecture method. In fact this method can be used quite effectively if a few rules are followed.
Teaching in higher classes mostly follows the lecture method, with the convenience it offers. It is a good method for introducing a new topic.
A lecture can be used to cover a large syllabus area in a limited time. It can not only enlighten an assembly, but motivate it and even inspire it. In Computer science and technology, the information given in textbooks may be outdated. Even the latest update can be presented to the classroom through a lecture. Above all, many teachers enjoy their lectures because of their potential for aesthetic pleasure.
·In spite of these merits, we should remember that the lecture method is not considered as one of the most effective methods of teaching.
·The pupils have little involvement; they are often mere passive listeners or silent witnesses.
·Those with poor listening skills do not benefit much. If they do not take notes, they will forget most of what they have heard.
·Some lectures may be boring; this may lead to the pupils losing interest in the subject or even hating it.
·If reverse questions are not encouraged, pupils who have not followed a part may not grasp what comes later. This results in a teaching disaster.
As a solution to some of the problems indicated above,
Ø The lecture should be started enthusiastically by giving 5 minutes of technology news or any other latest news which is delivered by the students randomly. This will develop student’s interest in the subject and will also lead to the active participation of the entire class in such activity.
Ø Teachers should ensure pupils’ participation in classroom lectures.
Ø They should maintain good eye contact with the pupils, carefully watch their reactions, and confirm that they remain interested in the lesson.
Ø The teacher should pose questions and get answers that help in the development of the lesson. Further, questions from students, seeking clarifications or further explanation, should be encouraged in order to ensure their active participation.
Ø There should be appropriate gestures and cadences in the voice to avoid monotony in the lecture.
Ø The teacher has to be enthusiastic right through the lecture. Important points should be emphasized through pauses or repetition or appropriate gestures.
Ø For example: first show the wood and then point at the trees.
Ø Never speak continuously from the beginning to the end of a period. There has to be breaks for questions and interaction.
Ø The chalkboard should be used in tandem to note down the vital points.
Ø Other teaching aids may also be used, if appropriate.
Ø If a pupil makes a mistake, the teacher should correct him.
Ø There should be no sarcasm in the teacher’s words, since it would dissuade pupils from active participation.
Ø There has to be a conclusion that highlights all the essential points.
Ø The pupils should prepare notes based on the discussion.